The 13 major ports located in the country are equally built on the eastern and western coasts. The ports of Kolkata, Paradip, Visakhapatnam, Haldia, Chennai, Ennore and Tuticorin are located on the eastern coast of India, while the ports of Cochin, Mangalore, Mormugao, Mumbai, Nhava Sheva, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Kandla are on the west coast. So, see here the major ports in India.
1. Mumbai Port:
It is a natural harbor located in Mumbai.
It is called the gateway to India.
2. Nhava Sheva Port:
It is located near the Mumbai port and was constructed to reduce the pressure of the Mumbai port.
3. Kandla Port:
It is a tidal port located in the Gulf of Kutch in the state of Gujarat.
Due to the development of industries like mineral oil, cement, chemicals, cotton textiles, etc.
4. Marmagova Port:
It is a natural harbor located on the banks of the Arabian Sea in the state of Goa.
5. New Mangalore Port:
The New Mangalore Port is located on the coastline of the state of Karnataka.
From this port iron ore extracted from Kadramukh mine is exported.
6. Kochi Port:
It is a natural harbor located in the state of Kerala in which large ships can also stay.
Kochi Port is considered the best port on the west coast of India.
7. Kolkata Port:
It is an artificial harbor located on the banks of river Hooghly in West Bengal.
It is the largest on the east coast and the second largest port in India.
8. Haldia Port:
Built to reduce the load of Calcutta on the Hooghly River south of Calcutta Port.
There are also refineries here.
9. Visakhapatnam Port:
The port is located on the east coast of the country in Visakhapatnam, a metropolis in Andhra Pradesh.
It is a natural and deep harbor.
10. Chennai Port:
It is an artificial harbor located in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
India's second largest traffic density port and India's oldest artificial port.
11. Paradip Port:
It is located in the state of Orissa along the eastern coast of India.
It is a port of natural structure located roughly between Kolkata and Visakhapatnam port.
12. Tuticorin Port:
This port is located at the southern end of the state of Tamil Nadu.
From here salt, fish, cement, lignite, tobacco, rice, etc. are exported and items like machines, fertilizers, cotton textiles, etc. are imported.
13. Port Blair:
This port is located at Andaman Nicobar Islands.
Recognized as the thirteenth port in 2010